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How Do Chip Credit Cards Work

by Violet WillettOctober 20, 2021
How Do Chip Credit Cards Work

In the future, electronic payments will be safer and more widespread. Financial institutions are constantly working to create new technologies that can protect both businesses as well as their customers from fraud or identity theft when they use cards online. This is a fundamental shift in how we pay for goods with our credit cards and it's happening quickly!

The chip card technology, also known as EMV or Chip-and-PIN, provides an excellent example of how these collaborative efforts can succeed. With this secure method for storing and exchanging sensitive credit card or debit account data between merchants and their customers, it has become easier than ever before to secure online transactions from fraudsters!

Are chip cards safer than magnetic stripes?

Magnetic Stripe Cards are an analog technology with roots in the 1960s. They were first introduced to make credit card transactions more secure, as they contain all necessary data for conducting a transaction, including customer's details and account balance. Magstripe came into widespread use during the 1980's - which is when it replaced paper-based imprinters that could be easily copied by criminals who wanted access cards without any identification needed.

Behind magstripe, the technology eventually proved very easy for hackers to break. Though the magnetic stripe held sensitive credit card data in plain text on cards that were often skimmed or otherwise obtained by criminals looking at using them fraudulently.

Chip credit cards work by providing a number of protections that are lacking by standard magnetic stripes. With every chip and pin transaction, a unique code is generated even if hackers manage to steal the authentication code, it's useless for future purchases! The embedded microchips make duplicating these credit card-like items nearly impossible as it will cause them not only to be rejected at stores but reported immediately to law enforcement too!

A cardholder can keep their personal information safe during transactions by not sharing it with third parties. There's no chance for unscrupulous employees to steal the data through skimmers because they don't have access to this level of detail at any point in time!

How are EMV chip card transactions processed?

A chip card is a reliable form of payment that offers better protection against fraud than other methods. It works with compliant terminals, authenticating the transaction without revealing your personal information to scammers or hackers when you're out in public places like stores and restaurants.

After inserting the card, customers follow on-screen instructions that further validate their transactions. This process will vary depending upon what verification methods have been specified by banks using cards with chips and signatures being largely replaced by PINs for the chip-and-signature systems.

After the completion of cardholder authentication methods at the terminal, online processing begins. The issuing bank may perform additional security and fraud filters before returning approval or decline codes to your EMV reader for a final decision on whether you'll receive payment in this transaction!

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